Acetazolamideis a medication used to reduce the pressure in the eye in patients withopen-angle glaucoma. Glaucoma is an eyecondition which can lead to gradual loss of vision. It is also used to reduce theduration and severity of symptoms altitude sickness such as headache,dizziness, stomach upset and fatigue. It is prescribed by physicians to reduceexcess fluid retention or edema along with other medications and to controlseizure with certain types of epilepsy.
Acetazolamidebelongs to the diuretics and carbonic anhydrase inhibitor families ofmedication. It is listed on the World Health Organization’s List of EssentialMedicines. It is one of the most effective and safe medicines needed in ahealth system. It works by reducing the amount of fluid produced by the centralnervous system and the eye. It decreases the amount of bicarbonate and hydrogenions in the body.
Theusual recommended dose of this medication is based on the condition beingtreated. For the treatment of glaucoma, the recommended dose is 250mg 1 to 4times a day or every four hours. For the treatment of epilepsy, the recommendeddose is 375 mg to 1000 mg in a day. The dose must be divided into 1 to 4 timesa day.
Thisdrug comes in a tablet form that you need to take orally. Take this medicationexactly as prescribed. Do not take more than what is recommended or longer thanthe required time. If you missed a dose, take it as soon as you remember.
What are the side effects of Acetazolamide?
Some ofthe side effects of Acetazolamide are:
Seriousside effects are:
Seekmedical attention right away if you will experience any of the serious sideeffects mentioned.
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