Acetylsalicylic Acid belongs to the group of medications called antipyretics (fever reducer), analgesics (pain reliever), platelet aggregation inhibitors (anticlotting agents) and anti-inflammatories (inflammation reducers). It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. It is prescribed for the treatment of conditions like:
- Arthritis, Rheumatoid
- Nerve ache
- Common cold
- Inflammation of bursa (bursitis)
- Rheumatic Fever (as needed along with other medications)
- Sprain, strains
Its antiplatelet properties can also be used for the prevention of:
- Cerebral Infarction
- Myocardial Infarction
- Transient Ischemic Attack or mini-stroke
- Nonfatal heart attack among patients who are at risk of having a heart attack
- Second heart attack or stroke
- Complications or death in people with unstable angina
- Blood clot for patients who have had a total hip replacement
It may also be used after a dental and surgical procedure. It may also decrease the risk of certain types of cancer especially colorectal cancer.
How to use Acetylsalicylic Acid?
This drug is available in tablet, quick chew tablet, capsule, oral powder for suspension and rectal suppository. The recommended dose varies widely based on the condition being treated. It is also based on the severity of your condition, your age, weight and your other medical conditions. It is important to take this medication exactly as directed. Do not change your dose or double up your dose without talking to your doctor. For a missed dose, take it as soon as you remember.
What are the side effects of Acetylsalicylic Acid?
Some of the side effects of this drug are:
- Indigestion or heartburn
- Stomach cramps, discomfort or pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Ringing in the ears
- Signs of bleeding like coughing of blood, nosebleed and cuts that don’t stop bleeding
Serious side effects are:
- Severe allergic reactions like difficulty breathing, swelling of face and throat
- Hearing loss
- Stomach bleeding with symptoms like vomiting and spitting of blood, black and bloody stool
Stop taking this medication right away in serious side effects occurs. Seek medical attention immediately.
- This drug may increase your risk from bleeding due to its antiplatelet properties. Talk to your doctor about this especially if you are taking anticoagulant medications.
- Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages if you are taking this medication.
- Acetylsalicylic Acid may increase the uric acid level which causes gout to flare up.
- Patients with reduced kidney function and liver problems must take this medication with caution.
- Use this drug with caution if you are pregnant or a breastfeeding mother.