African Trypanosomiasis or called the “Sleeping Sickness”. It’s a disease, transmitted by the “Tsetse fly” (Glossina Specie) to human. “Tsetse Fly” the word tsetse means to fly. It is an African bloodsucking fly that bites human and feeds on the blood. The Tsetse fly is like house flies but can identify by noticing their characteristic.
These types of Sleeping sickness carried by the Tsetse flies have been a serious problem for Africans. Each year, a few hundred cases are being reported to WHO. 40 cases of East African trypanosomiasis have treated in the U.S among person had traveled to East Africa. In recent years, this disease has a number of 7,000-10,000 reported new cases. Travelers visited in East and West Africa can affect this disease.
The risk factors of this disease are the people living in parts of Africa where there is Tsetse fly. Travelers who have visited this place can be at risk. The following are the risk factors:
The Sleeping Sickness has two stages:
Sleeping sickness is difficult to treat. A person who is infected should give and receive a treatment. The treatment will depend on the type of infection a person has and it depends on the stage. Pentamidine – is a drug for the first stage in T. b. gambiense infection which is available in the U.S
Physicians can consult for an advice in CDC regarding the diagnosis and treatment. However, there is no cure for Sleeping sickness. Patients should undergo a series of test to make sure that the condition no longer exists.
The preventive measure can help to get rid of Tsetse flies. The resident of affected areas must practice these helpful measures: