Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever was first discovered in the City of Saudi Arabia in 1995. After the victim had slaughtered a sheep he began to have a fever. The identified cause of his fever was the Flavivirus. Alkhurma is a disease caused by Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever Virus. That belongs to Flavivirus family.
“Flavivirus” is a virus that belongs to any of the group of RNA viruses. It can get through mosquitoes, flies, and tick that feed on human blood. This virus that carries the vectors causes serious diseases including:
Alkhurma virus is spread when bitten by the tick vector. It can also transmit by contact with the infected blood on the skin or wounds during slaughtering. This is the main reason why butchers get infected by this virus.
This virus can also transmit by drinking the infected dairy products such as the camel. There is no reported case of transmission through non-pasteurized milk or from human to human.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The disease of the virus occurs to have flu-like symptoms such as:
In some cases, a patient may experience a severe form of symptoms which leads to a fatal outcome. This includes neurologic and hemorrhagic symptoms. The failure of the human organs may lead to death.
Butchers in a slaughterhouse and people in the farm are at risk of getting the disease. The following are the risk of exposure to this disease:
A diagnosis is suggested to a person having this disease. In some cases, it is hard to diagnose this disease due to similarities between AVHF, CCHF and RVF that occurs in the same areas. The molecular detection such as the ELISA or Serologic Testing can detect the virus isolation from the blood in early stages.
There is no stated treatment in having this disease. Patients receive therapy according to the signs noticed by the doctor. The therapy given by the doctor includes:
Practicing some preventive measures is the best option to get rid of tick since there is no treatment given in this disease.