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ANAPHYLAXIS

Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction. It causes your body’s immune system to release chemicals that can cause your body to go into a shock. As a result, your airways narrow, blocking your breathing. Your blood pressure suddenly drops.

Anaphylaxis is an extreme life-threatening reaction that occurs within a minute after eating an allergy-causing food such as:

  • Peanuts
  • Tree nuts
  • Dairy products
  • Fish and eggs

The symptoms of the allergic reaction can be different to every person. Not all allergic reaction develops into anaphylaxis.

CAUSES

The following food triggers you to a food allergy:

In adults:

  • Shellfish (such as crab, lobster, shrimp)
  • Fish
  • Peanuts
  • Tree nuts (such as pecans & walnuts)

In children:

  • Eggs
  • Tree nuts
  • Peanuts
  • Dairy products
  • Soy & wheat

SYMPTOMS

The following are mild symptoms a person can experience after eating an allergy-causing food:

  • Itching in the mouth
  • Eczema or Hives
  • Swelling of the lips, tongue and different parts of the body
  • Trouble in breathing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Dizziness, fainting

Anaphylaxis symptom includes:

  • Tightening of airways
  • Swollen throat, making it hard for you to breathe
  • Rapid pulse
  • Shock and having a drop in blood pressure
  • Loss of consciousness

RISK FACTORS

These are the factors that can increase your risk from this type of allergic reaction:

  • Having a family history of this condition
  • Age
  • Having asthma
  • Other allergies

The following are the factor that may increase your chances of having an anaphylactic reaction:

  • A history of asthma
  • A delay use of epinephrine to treat food allergy symptoms
  • Not having other skin symptoms or hives

PREVENTION

Preventive measures to avoid the symptoms of this condition are:

  • Wearing of medical alert bracelet or necklace
  • Carrying an auto-injector device or (Epinephrine)
  • Read the labels of food and drinks
  • Keep your child from playing in dead leaves
  • Cooling your home with air-conditioning

DIAGNOSIS

It takes a physician to perform tests such as:

  • Asking about the symptoms
  • Conduct a physical test
  • Conducting a skin and blood test
  • Performing an Elimination diet
  • An oral food challenge

TREATMENT

There two ways of treating food allergy:

Antihistamine – is a drug used to treat moderate reaction of allergy. Common examples of this drug are:

Adrenaline – is a drug used to treat severe reaction of allergy.

Epinephrine is an injection used to anaphylaxis. It contains a solution and is injected into the skin at the first sign of the allergy.

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