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Anti-Migraine Drugs

Migraines are severe, painful and recurring headaches on one side of the head. The pain that a migraine can cause can last for hours or even days. It comes with vomiting, nausea and sensitivity to smell light and sound.

Many people use the word migraine to describe a severe headache. But a migraine is the result of any changes in the brain.

There are two types of a migraine

  1. A migraine with aura- There are warning symptoms that occur before the attack. This includes blind spot, tingling in one side of the face and flashes of light.
  2. A migraine without aura- People with disease suffers from this common migraine.

Causes of a migraine

The specific cause of a migraine is unknown. But there may be changes in the chemicals that send messages between the brain cells. Other factors that may trigger a migraine includes:

  • Foods- Skipping meals, processed foods, salty foods
  • Physical causes- Stress, lack of sleep
  • Food additives- Artificial sweeteners and MSG can cause a migraine
  • Drinks- Caffeinated beverages can cause a migraine
  • Sensory stimuli- Sun glares, bright light, loud sound and strong perfume
  • Changes in the environment- Changes in temperature can prompt a migraine
  • Medications-Oral contraceptives can worsen a migraine
  • Hormonal change- Menstruation

Signs and Symptoms of a Migraine

Signs and symptoms of a migraine may start one to two days before a headache. This stage is known as the prodrome stage with symptoms such as:

  • Being irritable
  • Food cravings
  • Depression
  • Low energy

For migraines with aura:

  • Tingling sensation in the face, legs and arms
  • Difficulty speaking clearly
  • Seeing bright spot
  • Loss of vision

Attack stage symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Throbbing head pain
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitive to light and sound
  • Pain on one side of the head

Migraine pain can last for 4 hours. If not treated, it can last up to 72 hours. The pain may start out as mild. But the pain may become moderate to severe if left untreated.

Post-attack symptoms:

  • Tiredness
  • Decreased energy level
  • Dizziness

The adverse effect of the problem

Problems that may happen during a migraine attack which include:

  • Problems with the overuse of medicine
  • Abdominal problems
  • Chronic pain
  • Persistent aura

Preventive measure of a migraine

The preventive measure includes:

  • Avoid your triggers
  • Do not skip a meal
  • Watch what you eat
  • Avoid caffeinated drinks
  • Downsize your stress
  • Choose relaxing exercise
  • Avoid bright light
  • Avoid loud noise
  • Take vitamin supplements
  • Sleep on a regular schedule
  • Avoid stress

Anti-migraine medicines

Anti-migraine medicines include:

Migraine diagnosis

Your doctor will diagnose your migraine by listening to your symptoms. Your doctor will also perform an exam to know the cause through a CT scan.

Migraine treatment

Treatment for migraines can help stop the symptoms and prevent future attacks. There are a lot of medicines that can treat a migraine and they fall into two categories:

  1. Pain-relieving medicines

This medicine can stop the symptoms of a migraine. It should be taken during a migraine attack.  Examples of pain-relieving medicines are:

  1. Preventive medicines

This medicine can reduce the severity of migraines. It should be taken every day.

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