Migraines are severe, painful and recurring headaches on one side of the head. The pain that a migraine can cause can last for hours or even days. It comes with vomiting, nausea and sensitivity to smell light and sound.
Many people use the word migraine to describe a severe headache. But a migraine is the result of any changes in the brain.
There are two types of a migraine
The specific cause of a migraine is unknown. But there may be changes in the chemicals that send messages between the brain cells. Other factors that may trigger a migraine includes:
Signs and symptoms of a migraine may start one to two days before a headache. This stage is known as the prodrome stage with symptoms such as:
For migraines with aura:
Attack stage symptoms:
Migraine pain can last for 4 hours. If not treated, it can last up to 72 hours. The pain may start out as mild. But the pain may become moderate to severe if left untreated.
Problems that may happen during a migraine attack which include:
The preventive measure includes:
Anti-migraine medicines include:
Your doctor will diagnose your migraine by listening to your symptoms. Your doctor will also perform an exam to know the cause through a CT scan.
Treatment for migraines can help stop the symptoms and prevent future attacks. There are a lot of medicines that can treat a migraine and they fall into two categories:
This medicine can stop the symptoms of a migraine. It should be taken during a migraine attack. Examples of pain-relieving medicines are:
This medicine can reduce the severity of migraines. It should be taken every day.