Asthma is a chronic disease that occurs in your lungs. It affects your airways making it difficult for you to breathe. If you have asthma, your bronchial tube narrows and swells. This can make your breathing difficult. The muscle around the airway tightens causing symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and tightness of chest.
Asthma can be prevented by taking medicines and by avoiding things which can trigger the attack. According to WHO, there are about 235 million people around the world with asthma.
The following are common triggers that can cause asthma:
An Asthma attack is when you have worse asthma symptoms. This is caused by the tightening of the muscles in your airways. During your asthma attack, the airway lining swells and produces more mucus. You can prevent asthma by knowing the warning signs and the triggers that causes an attack.
The following are the symptoms of asthma:
Asthma can happen to anyone. The factors below can increase your chances of developing asthma. These are:
Asthma can lead to a number of serious problems. Complications may include:
Doctors may conduct several tests to rule out other possible conditions such as:
Other test includes:
The treatment for asthma is based on the following goals:
Your doctor may prescribe one of the medications below:
If your asthma is triggered by an allergy:
Asthma is not preventable but there preventive measures that you can take so your asthma won’t get worse.