Babesiosis is a rare but a life-threatening infection of the red blood cells. It is caused by the parasite called “Babesia”. The infection is carried by the tick which spreads to human and animal when bitten.
The parasite is named after Viktor Babes a Romanian pathologist. He investigated the cause of a certain disease in cattle and the microorganism in the red blood cells. The disease can cause death in human but this can prevent with proper treatment involving anti-biotic.
The severity of the symptoms may vary. Some may not have symptoms at all. A person who’s infected by this disease may experience the following:
If this condition is left untreated, it can lead to possible complications like:
The following are at risk of having this disease:
A person can get infected through a bite of an infected tick. It can also spread through transfusion of the contaminated blood and transmission from infected mother to her baby during pregnancy.
Diagnosis of this disease is difficult. But doctors may use other methods in diagnosing the disease such as:
The parasite won’t respond to antibiotics alone. Treatment requires the use of azithromycin and antiparasitic drugs like Atovaquone. In severe cases, doctors may prescribe quinine and clindamycin to treat the disease.
The following are ways to prevent this disease: