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BLEEDING DISORDER

The bleeding disorder affects the way your blood clots. The clotting process transforms blood from a liquid to solid. If we get injured, our blood clots to avoid a massive blood loss. Some condition prevents blood from clotting. It can end in massive and longtime bleeding.

The disorder results in abnormal bleeding. Inside and outside the body. Other disorders can increase the volume of blood going out of the body. Some cause of bleeding happens in the skin or in vital organs.

Cause

Many bleeding disorders are genetic. It inherits from the parent to their child. Some disorders are from other medical conditions.

Bleeding disorders may cause by:

  • Liver disease
  • Vitamin K deficiency
  • Low red blood cell count
  • Medication side effects

Risk factors

The following are the factors at risk in getting the disease:

  • A person with Von Willebrand’s disease
  • Family history
  • Being female
  • Adult person
  • Liver transplant
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding

Signs and symptoms

The following are signs and symptoms of a person with the bleeding disorder:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Unexplained and easy bruising
  • Excessive bleeding from small cuts or an injury
  • Bleeding into joints
  • Frequent nosebleeds

Diagnosis

  • Your certain medical condition
  • Medicines or supplements you take
  • Falls or trauma
  • How frequent you bleed
  • How long you bleed

The second step is, you will undergo a blood test such as:

  • (CBC) Complete blood counts to measures the red and white blood cells in your body
  • Platelet aggregation test, to check how your platelets clump
  • Bleeding time test, to know how quick your blood clots to prevent bleeding

Complication

Complication occur if the condition is severe. And cause of heavy blood loss.

  • Joint pain
  • Bleeding in the intestines
  • Bleeding into the joints
  • Bleeding into the brain

Prevention

The disease can avoid by preventive actions.

Ways of preventing blood disorders by:

  • Giving better information of the disease and its complication;
  • Develop, apply, and double check prevention programs;
  • Provide accurate information to consumer and healthcare providers
  • Improving people lifestyle living with the disease

Treatment

Medicine fight infections for white blood disorders. Dietary supplements treat anemia due to deficiencies.

Surgery

Bone marrow transplants repair damaged marrow. It include transferring stem cells. From a donor to your body. To help your bone marrow produce normal blood cells. Blood transfusion is an option to help replace your damaged blood cells. You receive an infusion of healthy blood from your donor.

Bone marrow donor must match your genetic profile. Blood transfusions, the donor must have a compatible blood type with yours.