Types of Breast Cancer: Its Causes, Treatment & Prevention
Breast cancer is a condition that arises from the cells of the breast. It also referred to a tumor in the breast. It is the second common cancer occurs in women aside from skin cancer.
This condition most happens in women. But it can also occur in men. Breast cancer begins with a formation of small lump. It can spread through different areas within the breast, to the lymph nodes. And to the other organs. The tumor in your breast can invade tissues such as the chest wall and skin.
This condition is treatable if noticed early. But once it begins to spread, the treatment becomes difficult.
TYPES OF BREAST CANCER
- Ductal Carcinoma in Situ (DCIS)
- Invasive Lobular Carcinoma
- Inflammatory Breast Cancer
- Recurrent Breast Cancer
- Paget’s Disease of the Breast
- Male Breast Cancer
WHAT CAUSES BREAST CANCER?
The following are some factors that cause breast cancer such as:
- Inherited Breast Cancer
- Environmental Factors
- Damaged DNA Cells
- Being a Female
- A Family History
- A Personal History of Breast Cancer
- Exposure to Radiation
- An Overweight Person
- Never been Pregnant
- Having a firstborn child at Older Age
- Having a period at Early Age
- Menopause at Older Age
- Drinking of Alcohol
- Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
The signs and symptoms will depend on the affected parts of your body. These are the following signs and symptoms:
- Difficulty Swallowing
- Pain in any area of the breast
- Bowel Disorder
- Pain in the nipple area
- Changes in the size and shape of your breast
- Having a breast lump or thickening
- Irritation of breast skin
- Having a newly inverted nipple
- Unexplained fever
- Muscle and Joint pain
- Redness in the nipple area
STAGES OF BREAST CANCER
The following are the stages of cancer from mild to severe condition.
- Stage 0 – it means you’ve been diagnosed early.
- Stage I – this stage the cancer called as Invasive. It can attack healthy tissues.
- Stage IA – it means cancer spreads into fatty breast tissue.
- Stage IB – some tiny cancer cells found in few lymph nodes.
- Stage II – in this stage cancer has grown.
- IIA – the tumor in the breast is still small. But it can spread as many as three.
- IIB – the tumor is bigger at this stage.
- Stage III – cancer didn’t spread to the brain & other organs. But this is hard to fight.
- IIIA – cancer has spread into your deep lymph nodes.
- IIIB – The tumor has grown in your chest wall around your breast.
- IIIC – cancer has spread into your collarbone. This stage is cancerous.
- Stage IV – This stage called as “Metastatic”. Cancer spreads beyond the body where it was first found. The affected parts are the bones, lungs, brain, and liver.
The listed below are the treatments in treating your breast cancer includes:
- Radiation Therapy
- Hormone Therapy
- Targeted Therapy Drugs
- Supportive (Palliative) Care
Breast cancer can prevent by following the tips listed below:
- Ask your doctor about breast screening.
- Have a self-breast exam for your own awareness.
- Limit alcohol.
- Be physically active.
- Limit dose and duration of hormone therapy.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Eat healthy foods.
- Don’t smoke.
- Avoid exposure to radiation & pollution.
- Breastfeed, if possible.