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Brucellosis: Its Causes, Treatment and Medications

Brucellosis is a disease caused by a bacterial infection. It transmits to human by an infected animal. You can also get the disease by contaminated animal products. The type of bacteria found in this disease is called “Brucella”.

The disease is not common in the US. Though, it affects people and animals around the world. You can prevent the disease by avoiding unpasteurized dairy products. And by practicing safety precautions when working with animals.

This condition can result in chronic disease if not treated. There are (4) types of Brucella bacteria that can infect humans such as:

  • B. Abortus
  • B. Canis
  • B. Melitensis
  • B. Suis

What Causes Brucellosis?

The main causes of this disease are the animals such as goats, sheep, pig and etc. The bacteria that they carry can transmit to human by:

  • Direct Contact
  • Inhalation
  • Raw Dairy Products

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS of BRUCELLOSIS

Brucellosis can have a series of signs and symptoms. Some may exist for a long-term period.

Flu-like Signs & Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • A headache
  • Anorexia
  • Malaise
  • Fatigue
  • Sweating
  • Muscle and Joint Pains

Long-Term Signs & Symptoms:

  • Arthritis
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Depression
  • Recurrent Fever
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • Neurologic Symptoms
  • Swelling of the Testicle and Scrotum Area
  • Swelling of the Endocarditis

RISK FACTORS HAVING BRUCELLOSIS

The following are the listed factors at risk of getting the disease.

AREAS AFFECTED BY THE DISEASE:

  • Around the Mediterranean Sea
  • Asia
  • Africa
  • Latin America
  • Eastern Europe
  • The Carribean
  • The Middle East

OCCUPATIONS AT RISK:

  • Dairy Farmers
  • Hunters
  • Meat Packer
  • Lab Workers
  • Ranchers
  • Microbiologist
  • Slaughter House Worker
  • Veterinarian

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

The following are the safety precautions to avoid getting the disease.

  • Avoid eating undercooked meat.
  • Avoid unpasteurized dairy products.
  • Avoid direct contact with animals.
  • Wear gloves if you’re working in the animal processing industry.
  • Wear lab gowns and goggles.
  • Take precautions in high-risk work-place.
  • Vaccinate domestic animals.

TREATING BRUCELLOSIS

Before treating this condition. Your doctor will conduct you a diagnosis the infection.

After examining your symptoms, and physical exam. Your doctor will now conduct a test. To be performed to look out for bacteria in blood samples. The Test includes:

  • Blood Test
  • Bone Marrow
  • Other Body Fluids

Then after diagnosing and conducting the test. He will prescribe you a medicine such as antibiotics. The treatment will vary depending on the severity of your condition. The recovery may take weeks and months.

MEDICATIONS FOR BRUCELLOSIS

Antibiotics are a drug prescribed used to treat for this condition. The following are the medicine samples such as: