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Chickenpox (VARICELLA): Signs, Symptoms, Prevention and Medications

Chickenpox is a condition caused by a virus “Varicella-Zoster”. The disease causes an itchy red blister that occurs all over your body. Chickenpox is a contagious disease. It can spread from one person to another through direct contact.

Everyone can get this disease. Infant and adult with a weak immune system are more prone to this disease. It can also lead to a serious health problem and other skin diseases. The best prevention for this disease is to get vaccinated.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHICKENPOX

The symptoms of chickenpox may include:

  • Fever
  • A headache
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Muscle Pain
  • Having a raised pink or red bumps (Papules)
  • A small fluid-filled blister (Vesicles)
  • Crusts and cabs may develop

The infection may occur about 21 days and below and it last about 5 to 7 days.

SOURCES OF INFECTION

The main source of this infection is a virus called “Varicella-Zoster”. If the virus occurs to a person, it can spread to another person. The virus can spread in different ways such as:

  • Through the Saliva
  • Through Coughing
  • Through Sneezing
  • Direct contact with fluid from the Blister

RISK AND PREVENTION

WHO GETS CHICKEN POX?

The following are the people at risk of developing the disease such as:

  • Haven’t had a chicken pox vaccine
  • Never had a chicken pox
  • A weak immune system
  • A pregnant women
  • Taking certain medication
  • Direct contact with an infected person
  • Has a cancer
  • Infant and Children
  • Adult
  • Having a chronic disease
  • Working in a school or child care
  • Exposure in a room with an infected person
  • Sharing things with a person with the disease
  • Patients who had a transplant

PREVENTION

The listed below are ways to prevent yourself from developing the disease.

  • Get vaccinated for chickenpox.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water.
  • Keep your immune system strong.
  • Avoid getting close to an infected person.
  • Set up a cozy room for a family member with chickenpox.
  • Don’t share cups, dishes, and utensils with a person with the disease.
  • Do not share your personal things.
  • Disinfect your home.
  • Avoid kissing a person who has chickenpox.

DIAGNOSIS

In diagnosing, the doctor will examine the rash and your symptoms. After conducting a physical exam. He may suggest you to undergo some test such as:

  • A culture of Lesion Samples
  • Blood Tests
  • ELISA

If the diagnosis is done, the treatment for the disease comes next. Your doctor will prescribe you some medication for treating your condition.

TREATMENT / MEDICATIONS

The doctor may prescribe an antihistamine drug, to relieve itching. Also, some antiviral drugs will do such as:

In some cases, this condition doesn’t require a treatment. Mostly it is advisable to just run its course.