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Chronic Kidney Disease: Signs, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

A chronic kidney disease is a condition that occurs in your kidney. The disease means that your kidneys are damaged. The role of your kidney is to remove waste and excess water from the blood. When the damage occurs it can no longer filter blood. It can no longer play his role normally.

The damage in your kidney can cause wastes to build up in your body. This can also lead to other health problems. It can even be fatal. If you have diabetes and high blood pressure you are likely to develop CKD.

There’s no cure in treating the disease. But it can help to slow the build-up of the disease. It may include medications. This condition may get worse. It can result in kidney failure. In this case, you will need a dialysis and other surgery.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

The signs and symptoms of kidney disease may include the following:

  • Difficult to control high blood pressure
  • Short breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Persistent itching
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Sleep Problems
  • Fatigue
  • Frequent urinating
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Trouble breathing
  • Swelling in the feet and ankles
  • Bleeding due to poor blood clotting
  • Loss of sexual interest

CAUSES OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

The cause of CKD is when other conditions make the damage becomes worse. The following are some causes of CKD including:

  • High Blood Pressure
  • Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Interstitial Nephritis
  • Prolonged Obstruction of the Urinary Tract
  • Recurrent Kidney Infection
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Vesicoureteral

CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE RISK FACTORS

The listed below are factors that increase your risk of developing CKD.

  • Older Age
  • Family History
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Abnormal Kidney Structure
  • Diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Kidney Stones
  • Vasculitis
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cirrhosis and Liver Function
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Autoimmune Disease

COMPLICATION OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

The disease can lead a person to other serious health problems. It can lead to complication such as:

  • Damage in Central Nervous System
  • Decreased immune response
  • Pregnancy Problem
  • Irreversible damage of the Kidney
  • Anemia
  • High Potassium Level in Blood
  • Weak bones leading to fractures
  • Fluid Retention

DIAGNOSING CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

In diagnosing, the doctor will ask about your medical history. It follows with a physical exam. Then examining the symptoms and possible causes of CKD.

After the screening, he might suggest you undergo tests such as:

  • Blood Test
  • Urine Test
  • Imaging Test
  • Renal Ultrasound
  • Parathyroid Hormone Test
  • Taking a sample of tissue in the kidney for testing

TREATING CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

The treatment for CKD includes:

  • High Blood Pressure Medications
  • Drugs to lower Cholesterol Level
  • Drugs to treat Anemia
  • Medication to relieve Swelling
  • Medication to protect the Bone

In severe cases of CKD, you need treatment such as:

  • Dialysis
  • Kidney Transplant

PREVENTING CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE

The listed below are tips to decrease your risk of developing CKD.

  • Maintain a Healthy Weight.
  • Quit Smoking.
  • Manage your Medical Condition.
  • Follow the instruction on over-the-counter Medication
  • Limit your Alcohol intake.
  • Eat healthy foods.
  • Exercise every day.
  • Reduce Stress.