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Clostridium Difficile: It’s Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Risk, Treatment & Medication

Clostridium difficile is a type of bacterial infection caused by taking antibiotic drugs. Though, antibiotic drugs help you stop the growth of bacterial infection. For some people, it can trigger a life serious disease.

The disease can be found around us. It occurs in the air, water, soil and in the stool. The bacteria may be present in the intestine. The disease affects older adults in hospital. The infection becomes often, and difficult to treat.

What Causes Clostridium Difficile?

The following are drugs that cause C. difficile infection.

  • Amoxicillin
  • Ampicillin
  • Cephalosporin
  • Penicillin
  • Erythromycin
  • Trimethoprim
  • Quinolones

Signs and Symptoms of Clostridium difficile

The listed below are signs and symptoms of the infection. According to mild and severe symptoms.

Mild Symptoms include:

  • Low-Grade Fever
  • Mild Diarrhea
  • Mild Abdominal Cramps

Severe Symptoms include:

  • High Fever
  • Severe Diarrhea
  • Severe Abdominal Pain
  • Rapid Heart Rate
  • Blood/Pus in the Stool
  • Dehydration
  • Weight Loss
  • Nausea
  • Increased While Blood Cell
  • Swollen Abdomen
  • Kidney Failure

TRANSMISSION

The following are the mode of transmission of the disease.

  • Direct contact with hospital patient with the infection.
  • Ingesting C. diff spores from other people by hands or by antibiotic therapy.
  • Coming in contact with surfaces or devices with C. diff spores.
  • Sharing things with a person with the disease.
  • Sharing things with C. diff spores (e.g linens, toilet seat, bedpans etc.)
  • Using contaminated hospital equipment.

Clostridium difficile Risk Factor

The following are at risk of getting the disease.

  • An adult person under 65 years old and above.
  • A person using a too much antibiotic drug.
  • Having a surgery of gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
  • A stay in the hospital.
  • Previous C. diff infection.
  • Living in an extended-care facility.
  • Having a stomach surgery that requires moving the intestine aside.
  • A person with a weak immune system.
  • Having colon issues (e.g inflammatory bowel syndrome)

How to prevent Clostridium difficile?

The listed below are some tips to prevent getting the infection.

  • Wash your hands with soap and water when entering and leaving the ward areas.
  • Always use disposable gloves when caring for a patient with the infection.
  • Use chlorine bleach products when cleaning surfaces and equipment.
  • When visiting a patient, be sure to wash your hands when entering, during and leaving the room.
  • Observe visiting guidelines.
  • Observe contact precautions.
  • Do not use antibiotics. Unless your doctor says so.
  • Don’t forget to wear a face mask and isolation gown.

Treating Clostridium Difficile

Before treating this condition, your doctor will conduct some test for your diagnosis.

Your doctor may perform a test to identify what the cause of your condition is including:

  • Stool Test
  • Colon Examination
  • Imaging Test

After examining the result of your diagnosis, you may undergo treatment if you have a severe infection such as:

  • Surgery
  • Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT)

After the diagnosis and treatment, he will prescribe you a medication for treating your condition.

Medication Used to Treat Clostridium Difficile

The listed below are the prescribed drugs in treating C. diff infection.

ANTIBIOTIC DRUGS INCLUDES:

  • Metronidazole Oral
  • Flagyl Oral
  • Vancocin Oral
  • Dificid Oral
  • Octagam Intravenous
  • Privigen Intravenous

HOME REMEDY FOR C. DIFF INFECTION

  • Load up on Probiotics
  • Drink Plenty of Fluids
  • Get help from Garlic
  • Use oil of Oregano
  • Maintain Electrolytes
  • Avoid caffeine
  • Greasy Foods are your Enemy
  • Maintain Hygiene
  • Avoid Milk, Enjoy Oats