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COMMON COLDS: Acute Viral Rhinopharyngitis & Acute Coryza

Common cold is a condition of a viral infectious disease. It affects your upper respiratory system. It’s an illness which is caused by a virus. This condition is harmless and many types of viruses can cause common colds.

The disease is also known as “Acute Viral Rhinopharyngitis” and “Acute Coryza”. The common virus is “Rhinovirus”. This virus can cause about 50% of colds. There are other viruses that can cause colds.

Common cold is contagious it can spread in many ways. Younger children are at risk of colds. Most people with this condition recover in just 1 or 2 weeks. The disease can also lead to other complication.

The disease has no cure yet. But there’s a lot you can do to help you decrease your risk in getting the disease.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS COMMON COLDS

The symptoms of the disease are the reaction of the cold virus. The common cold symptoms are the following:

  • A cough
  • Congestion
  • Dry Throat
  • Blocked Nose
  • Sneezing
  • A sore Throat
  • Low-grade fever
  • Malaise
  • Stuffy Nose
  • A mild Headache
  • Hoarse Voice
  • Body ache

WHAT CAUSES COMMON COLDS

The cause of the common cold is different types of viruses. “Rhinovirus” is a common type of virus that causes 50% of colds. Other viruses that can cause cold are the following:

  • Enteroviruses
  • Coronaviruses Adenovirus
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus
  • Parainfluenza Virus
  • Human Metapheumovirus

COMMON COLDS RISK FACTORS

The following are the factor that increases your chance of getting the disease.

  • Younger Children
  • Older Adults
  • Weak Immune System
  • Season
  • Smoking
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Lack of Sleep
  • Stress

COMMON COLDS COMPLICATIONS

This condition can lead you to other health problem including:

  • Acute Ear Infection
  • Asthma
  • Acute Sinusitis
  • Strep Throat
  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Bronchiolitis
  • Croup

DIAGNOSING COMMON COLDS

This condition is easy to diagnose. Your doctor will base upon your signs and symptoms. And with this, they can easily diagnose your condition. He may suggest you undergo chest X-ray. It is done to examine you for other conditions. He might also conduct other tests to examine the cause of your symptoms.

TREATING COMMON COLDS

There’s no treatment available in treating the disease. The use of antibiotic drugs is not advised. Unless there’s an infection. Treating this condition is directed at relieving the symptoms for a short period of time.

Treatment for cold remedies includes:

  • Cough Syrup
  • Decongestant Nasal Spray
  • Pain Relievers

LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDY FOR COLDS

  • Adjust your room temperature and humidity.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Eating Chicken Soup & other soup.
  • Soothing your throat.
  • Get enough rest.
  • Using a saline nasal drops.

PREVENTING COMMON COLDS

The following are some safety precautions to avoid getting common colds.

  • Avoid getting close to someone who has a cold.
  • Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables to keep your immune system strong.
  • If you sneeze or a cough into your hands makes sure to wash your hands with soap after.
  • Use a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
  • Do not share cups, utensils with a person with a cold.
  • Wash your hands regularly.
  • Keep any surfaces in your home clean.
  • Avoid touching your face when your hands are dirty.