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HEMOPHILIA

Hemophilia is a disease of hereditary bleeding disorder. It causes an abnormal and the blood does not clot properly. The blood contains 13 types of clotting factors. It work with platelet to help prevent the blood clot.

A person with a lower amount of blood the more it bleeds easily. This condition can lead to a serious and life-threatening condition. People with this condition may experience:

  • Internal bleeding
  • Pain in joints
  • Swelling of joints due to bleeding

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS   

  • Bleeding from cuts and injuries.
  • Bleeding into the skin.
  • Bleeding after having shots.
  • Bleeding into the joints.
  • Bleeding after circumcision.
  • Bleeding in the head of an infant after a difficult delivery.
  • Frequent Nose bleeding.
  • Blood in urine and stool.

COMPLICATIONS

Having this condition, lead to different medical complication. Such as the following:

  • Severe Anemia
  • Damage to Muscle
  • Bleeding inside the head
  • Damage to joints
  • Bleeding in Digestive System
  • Compartment Syndrome

RISK FACTORS

The following are factors at risk such as:

  • Being a Male.
  • A family history of bleeding.
  • Age of a person.
  • A fetus affected by a pregnant mother.
  • A female family member can be a carrier.

DIAGNOSIS

Typically a family member with the condition, will ask to have their baby to get tested soon. If the fetus is affected by the disease during pregnancy. However, the doctor will check for certain signs of the disease. In making the diagnosis, the doctor will conduct blood tests. To see the proper clotting of blood.

If it does not clot properly. They will conduct a clotting factor test called the “Factor Assay”. It is used to detect the cause of bleeding disorder. And also the type of disease and severity. The following are the other test for diagnosing the condition such as:

  • Screening Test
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  • Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT) Test
  • Prothrombin Time (PT) Test
  • Fibrinogen Test

PREVENTION

The listed below are tips to prevent from having the condition.

  • Avoid taking certain Pain Medications.
  • Avoid taking a blood thinning Medications.
  • Perform regular exercise.
  • Practicing a good dental hygiene.
  • Protect your child from injuries that may cause bleeding.
  • Using a Medical Alert Bracelet.
  • Let people know about your condition.

TREATMENT

The best treatment for this condition is to replace a missing blood clot factor. By using a tube placed in a vein. This therapy is done during a progress of bleeding episode. It can also administered every day to prevent bleeding. Other treatment for this condition may include:

  • Clot-Preserving Medication (anti-fibrinolytic)
  • Desmopressin (DDAVP)
  • Amicar
  • Cryoprecipitate
  • First aid for minor cuts
  • Fibrin Sealants
  • Physical Therapy
  • Plasma-Derived Factor Concentrates
  • Recombinant Factor Concentrates
  • Vaccinations