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Migraine: Causes, Triggers, Risk Factors and Treatment

Migraine

Everyone gets headaches. Headache can occur once in a while. Sometimes, it can happen almost every day. But a migraine is worse than a regular headache.  The pain is throbbing. It is usually on one side of the head. The pain is disabling. Migraine attacks last from hours to days if untreated. It usually occurs one to four times a month.

Migraine

A migraine attack varies from person to person. During a migraine, you may experience:

  • Pain on one side or both sides of your head
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Throbbing pain
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Sensitivity to touch, sound, light and smells

Taking a medicine can lessen the pain and can prevent migraines. Talk to your doctor for the right medicines in treating migraines.

What are the causes of migraines?

The narrowing of some blood vessels in the brain causes migraine. When blood vessels narrow, blood and oxygen level that flows into the brain decreases. At the same time other blood vessels expand and become inflamed causing a throbbing pain.

Migraine Triggers

A number of factors may trigger migraine attack, such as:

  • Menstruation (having a period)
  • Drinks- Drinks with caffeine may trigger migraines.
  • Foods- Salty foods, processed foods, food additive like MSG and yogurt may trigger migraines. You can also get migraines when you skip your meals.
  • Too little or too much sleep
  • Stress
  • Changes in the weather

Doctors think that migraines are genetic. If a member of you family get migraines, chances are you’ll also get them. But no one is really sure why people get migraines.

Migraine_Comorbidities

What are the risk factors?

Factors that make a person susceptible to migraines are:

  • Hormonal changes

Migraines begin just before the start of menstruation. Migraines often improve after menopause.

  • Age

Migraines can start at any age.

  • Family history

Your chance of having a migraine is high if you have a family member with migraines too.

  • Gender

Women are more likely to have migraines than men.

What are the Treatments?

It’s annoying to get migraine. Your doctor may recommend a medicine such as Sumatriptan (Imitrex) to help ease the pain and other migraine symptoms.

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