Alitretinoin is a vitamin A derivative. It belongs to the group of drug known as retinoids. Retinoids are commonly used in skincare. Alitretinoin is a type of retinoid prescribed by dermatologists for the treatment of severe chronic hand eczema. It is used when all other potent corticosteroids ointment, creams or lotion and other measures such as avoiding irritants, allergens and protecting the skin have not been effective in controlling chronic long-term hand eczema.
Alitretinoinworks by altering the activity of the immune system in the skin. It also has ananti-inflammatory effect. People with scaly and mostly dry thickened handeczema are more likely to respond to this medication than people with moist andweeping blisters in the skin.
Thismedication should be prescribed only by a physician with experience in the useof a retinoid. The usual recommended dose is 10 mg to 30 mg per day. Take thesoft gel capsule at the same time each day with a meal. The starting dose is 30mg daily but your doctor may reduce your dose to 10 mg if an adverse reactionwill occur. The treatment may last from 12 to 24 weeks depending on the response.If the symptom does not get better after 12 weeks of treatment, your doctor maydecide whether you will continue with the treatment or not.
Some ofthe common side effects are:
Seriousside effects are:
In caseof serious side effects, stop taking the medication and seek medical attentionright away.
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