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PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

Pulmonary hypertension is a condition that occurs when the blood pressure increases abnormally. It’s also a type of high blood pressure. It affects the arteries in the lungs including the right side of your heart.

One form of this condition called as “Pulmonary arterioles”. It is when the tiny arteries and capillaries of your lungs are damage. The other form of it may be serious. In some cases, it can be fatal.

This condition is not curable. But there’s a treatment to help lessen your symptoms. Also to improve the quality of your life.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

The first signs and symptoms of this disease are not noticeable. But as it goes by, the symptoms may become worse. You may experience the following such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Low oxygen level (hypoxia)
  • Short breathing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Racing pulse/Heart Palpitation
  • Swelling

CAUSES OF PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

The cause of this disease is divided into two groups. They are primary and secondary. The primary is not a cause by other underlying tissue. And the second cause via other underlying tissue including:

  • Certain medication
  • Illicit drug use
  • Left-sided congestive heart failure
  • Recurring blood clots in the lungs
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Inflammation of the pulmonary blood vessel
  • Rheumatologic condition

Those are some causes of the disease. The listed below are the most specific cause of the disease such as:

  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Scleroderma
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Lupus
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Other Chronic Lung diseases
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Liver Disease

RISK FACTORS

The following are the risk factor of developing the disease including:

  • A family history
  • Younger Adult
  • Obesity
  • Use of drugs and toxins
  • Taking certain Appetite-Suppressant Medication
  • Having one or various condition
  • Having a liver disease
  • Blood clot disorder
  • Living in high above sea level

COMPLICATIONS

The disease can lead you to a different health condition such as:

  • Right Heart Enlargement
  • Heart Failure
  • Blood Clots
  • Arrhythmia
  • Bleeding
  • Coughing up blood
  • Irregular heartbeat

DIAGNOSING PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

This condition is hard to diagnose. Your doctor may conduct a physical test and your symptoms. He may also review your medical condition. After that, he may suggest you undergo tests such as:

  • Echocardiogram
  • Chest X-ray
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Right Heart Catheterization
  • Blood Tests

Your doctor may add some test to confirm the cause of your condition including:

  • CT Scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Pulmonary Function Test
  • Open Lung Biopsy
  • Polysomnogram
  • Ventilation/Perfusion (V/Q) Scan

TREATMENT FOR PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

This condition can’t be cure. But there’s a treatment to manage Pumonary Hypertension. They are used to slow the progress of your condition.

The treatment includes medication such as:

  • Blood Vessel Dilators
  • High-dose calcium channel blockers
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • SCG Stimulator
  • Sildenafil and Tadalafil
  • Anticoagulants
  • Diuretics
  • Oxygen

SURGERIES SUCH AS:

  • Atrial Septostomy
  • Transplantation

HOW TO PREVENT PULMONARY HYPERTENSION

The listed below are some tips to prevent and to improve your condition. These are the following:

  • Get enough rest.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Stay physically active.
  • Avoid using a birth control pill.
  • Avoid pregnancy.
  • Avoid living or traveling at high altitude.
  • Manage your blood pressure.
  • Eat healthy foods.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Get Vaccine.