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Side Effects of Allopurinol and How to Use it

Allopurinol is a prescription tablet. It is intended for the treatment of high of levels of uric acid in the urine or blood that can cause gout. High levels of uric acid may be caused by:

  • Certain medications likecancer therapy
  • Kidney stones, kidneydamages
  • Dialysis treatment
  • Psoriasis
  • Use of diuretics or waterpills
  • A diet high in softdrinks, salami, beer, beef and steak

It is also indicated for thetreatment of seizures, pain and infections that affects the pancreas. Allopurinolmay also be used to help prevent rejection of kidney transplant and to helpimprove the survival after bypass surgery.

Allopurinolbelongs to the group of drugs known as xanthine oxidase inhibitor. It works by decreasingthe blood and urine uric acid levels by stopping the xanthine oxidase.

How to use Allopurinol?

Allopurinolcomes in a tablet form that you need to take by mouth. The typical dose for anadult is:

Starting dose: 200mg to 300mg a day

Maintenance dose: 200mg to 300mg per day for mild gout and 400mg to 600mg a dayfor moderately severe gout.

Takethis medication exactly as directed. Take the tablet with a glass of water.Drink at least 10 glasses of water every day to reduce the risk of having kidneystones. Do not take more or less than what is required or longer than theprescribed period of treatment.

What are the side effects of Allopurinol?

Commonside effects are:

  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Change in taste and sense

Seriousside effects are:

  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Bleeding and pain whenurinating
  • Allergic reactions
  • Loss of appetite
  • Itching
  • Irritation of the eye
  • Swelling of the lips andmouth
  • Sore throat, fever, chillsand other signs

Callyour doctor right away in case of serious side effects.

Important Information

  • This medication candecrease the number of blood cells that help fight infections and that helpsmake your blood clot. This makes you easier to bleed from injury.
  • Allopurinol may interactwith other medications. Inform your doctor if you are taking any othermedications especially antibiotics, diuretics and blood thinners.
  • Avoid drinking alcoholicbeverages while using this medication.
  • Drink plenty of fluidsevery day.
  • Use this drug withcautions if you have kidney and liver problems.
  • Your gout condition mayincrease in number during the first few months of treatment. It may takeseveral months or longer before you will feel the full benefits.