Allopurinol is a prescription tablet. It is intended for the treatment of high of levels of uric acid in the urine or blood that can cause gout. High levels of uric acid may be caused by:
It is also indicated for thetreatment of seizures, pain and infections that affects the pancreas. Allopurinolmay also be used to help prevent rejection of kidney transplant and to helpimprove the survival after bypass surgery.
Allopurinolbelongs to the group of drugs known as xanthine oxidase inhibitor. It works by decreasingthe blood and urine uric acid levels by stopping the xanthine oxidase.
How to use Allopurinol?
Allopurinolcomes in a tablet form that you need to take by mouth. The typical dose for anadult is:
Starting dose: 200mg to 300mg a day
Maintenance dose: 200mg to 300mg per day for mild gout and 400mg to 600mg a dayfor moderately severe gout.
Takethis medication exactly as directed. Take the tablet with a glass of water.Drink at least 10 glasses of water every day to reduce the risk of having kidneystones. Do not take more or less than what is required or longer than theprescribed period of treatment.
What are the side effects of Allopurinol?
Commonside effects are:
Seriousside effects are:
Callyour doctor right away in case of serious side effects.