Allopurinol is a prescription tablet. It is intended for the treatment of high of levels of uric acid in the urine or blood that can cause gout. High levels of uric acid may be caused by:
It is also indicated for the treatment of seizures, pain and infections that affects the pancreas. Allopurinol may also be used to help prevent rejection of kidney transplant and to help improve the survival after bypass surgery.
Allopurinol belongs to the group of drugs known as xanthine oxidase inhibitor. It works by decreasing the blood and urine uric acid levels by stopping the xanthine oxidase.
How to use Allopurinol?
Allopurinol comes in a tablet form that you need to take by mouth. The typical dose for an adult is:
Starting dose: 200mg to 300mg a day
Maintenance dose: 200mg to 300mg per day for mild gout and 400mg to 600mg a day for moderately severe gout.
Take this medication exactly as directed. Take the tablet with a glass of water. Drink at least 10 glasses of water every day to reduce the risk of having kidney stones. Do not take more or less than what is required or longer than the prescribed period of treatment.
What are the side effects of Allopurinol?
Common side effects are:
Serious side effects are:
Call your doctor right away in case of serious side effects.