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Stroke: Signs, Symptoms, Treatment and Preventions

A stroke is a condition when some part of your brain reduces its blood supply. The loss of blood supply can result in ischemic stroke. In some cases it leads to hemorrhagic. This is due to bleeding in the brain tissue.

The condition also known as “Brain Attack”. It’s also the leading cause of death in the US. It affects older adults. This is a serious disease. Because when it occurs it may result in disability. It reduces your mobility and it unables you to do such things.

In our generation, few people die because of a stroke. This is due to our technology. This condition can now be treated and prevented. But if this left untreated, it can lead to serious health problems.

Stroke

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF STROKE

The symptoms may depend on what part of the brain has stopped working. Pay attention when it occurs. The common symptoms of stroke are the following:

  • Double Vision
  • Trouble balance with Vertigo
  • Difficulty speaking/understanding speech
  • Loss of Coordination
  • A severe headache with unknown cause
  • Paralysis or Numbness of face, arms & legs
  • Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Confusion

CAUSES OF STROKE

The main causes of this condition are ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke. It is when the artery is blocked. In some cases, a reason of bursting of blood vessels. The following can also be a cause of stroke:

  • Thrombotic Stroke
  • Embolic Stroke
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  • Vasculitis
  • A migraine Headache
  • Transient Ischemic Attack

RISK FACTORS

The following are the common risk factor for stroke:

  • Increasing Age
  • Family History
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Have a Heart disease
  • A person with Diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Using Tobacco
  • Weight and Exercise
  • Using certain Medication

COMPLICATIONS

A stroke is a condition that can lead a person to different health problems. It includes:

  • Emotional Problems/Depression
  • Changes in Behaviour and self-care ability
  • Seizures
  • Trouble talking
  • Difficulty Swallowing
  • Loss of Muscle Movement
  • Loss of Memory
  • Pain

DIAGNOSING STROKE

To give you the best treatment, your doctor will examine the type of stroke you have. Including the areas affected. Considering also your symptoms and possible causes. He might conduct several tests such as:

  • Physical exam
  • Blood Tests
  • CT Scan
  • MRI Test
  • Carotid Ultrasound
  • Cerebral Angiogram
  • Echocardiogram

The diagnosis helps the doctor to confirm your condition. It is also for them to give you the best treatment.

TREATMENT FOR STROKE

The treatment may depend upon what type of stroke you have. It’s either ischemic stroke – blocking of an artery. Or hemorrhagic stroke – bleeding into the brain.

TREATMENT FOR ISCHEMIC STROKE

  • Intravenous injection of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)
  • Medications delivered directly into the brain
  • Removing the clot with a stent reliever

OTHER TREATMENTS:

  • Angioplasty and Stents
  • Carotid Endarterectomy

TREATMENT FOR HEMORRHAGIC STROKE

  • Medications (eg. Coumadin, Jantoven & Plavix)
  • Surgical Clipping
  • Surgical AVM Removal
  • Coiling
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery

HOW TO PREVENT STROKE

The listed below are prevention tips and to improve your quality of life. It includes:

  • Exercise Regularly.
  • Eat plenty of fruits and veggies.
  • Avoid using illegal drugs.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation.
  • Control diabetes.
  • Control high blood pressure.
  • Treating obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Take anti-platelet drugs.
  • Anticoagulant supplement.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.