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Vaginal Candidiasis: Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Preventions and Treatment

Candidiasis is a type of infection caused by yeast. “Candida” is a fungus that causes the disease. It lives in our body without causing any problem. This condition also known as “Vaginal Yeast Infection”.

The vagina contains yeast cell and bacteria. When the bacterium grows rapidly. It can multiply and cause an infection. This condition is not a sexually transmitted infection. But this can spread through sexual contact.

In treating this condition, may take a few days. And weeks in severe cases of vaginal yeast infection.

Vaginal Candidiasis

Symptoms of Vaginal Candidiasis

The following are the symptoms of the Disease:

  • Vaginal Itching
  • Abnormal Vaginal Discharge
  • Pain during Sexual Intercourse
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Swelling in the Vagina

If severe infection occurs. You may experience: redness and cracks in the wall of the vagina.

SOURCE OF INFECTION

The listed below are factors that can cause vaginal infection:

  • Taking anti-biotics
  • Changes in Hormone
  • Diabetes
  • Poor Eating Habits
  • Weak Immune System
  • Using vaginal spray and douches
  • Lack of Sleep
  • Sex
  • Stress

RISK AND PREVENTION

WHO GETS THE DISEASE?

Women are at risk of developing this condition. A factor that increases their risk includes:

  • Pregnant
  • Use of anti-biotic
  • Having a Diabetes
  • A weak immune system
  • Use of birth control pill
  • Sexual Activity

PREVENTION

HOW CAN THE DISEASE PREVENTED?

The following are some tips to help you avoid the condition.

DO’S:

  • Eat a well-balanced diet
  • Stay out of hot tubs
  • Practice proper hygiene
  • Wear natural fibers like cotton, linen & silk
  • Washing of underwear in a hot water
  • Take supplements with Lactobacillus
  • Replacing of feminine products
  • Change out wet clothes

DONT’S:

  • Avoid douching
  • Avoid taking anti-biotic drugs
  • Avoid using tight-fitting underwears
  • Avoid using feminine deodorants or scented pads
  • Avoid sitting around with bathing suits
  • Avoid taking frequent hot baths

DIAGNOSIS

In diagnosing this condition, your doctor will conduct an exam such as:

  • Gathering information of your health conditions.
  • Your medical history.
  • Having been transmitted by a sexually transmitted infection.
  • Your recent medication.

After conducting the exam, he might suggest you undergo:

  • A Pelvic Exam and;
  • Test a sample of Vaginal Secretion

TREATING VAGINAL CANDIDIASIS

The following are the common treatment for this condition.

TREATMENT FOR UNCOMPLICATED YEAST INFECTION:

Short-Course Vaginal Therapy

  • Butoconazole (Gynazole-1)
  • Clotrimazole (Gyne-Lotrimin)
  • Miconazole (Monistat-3)

Single-Dose Oral Medication

Antifungal Medication includes:

Over-The-Counter Treatment

  • Vaginal Creams (e.g Clotrimazole, Butoconazole, Miconazole Nitrate)
  • Tablets
  • Suppositories

TREATMENT FOR COMPLICATED YEAST INFECTION:

Long-Course Vaginal Therapy includes:

  • Vaginal Cream
  • Ointment
  • Tablets
  • Suppositories

Multi-Dose Oral Medication:

  • 2 to 3 doses of Fluconazole must take.

Maintenance Plan includes:

  • Oral fluconazole tablet
  • Prescribed Clotrimazole

ALTERNATIVE MEDICINES FOR YEAST INFECTION:

  • Boric Acid
  • Yogurt
  • Probiotic Supplement
  • Tea Tree Oil
  • Oil of Oregano
  • Garlic
  • Coconut Oil