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Treating Numeral Bacterial Origin Disease (Strep Throat, Intestinal Infection, Pneumonia and Traveler’s Diarrhea)

Azithromycin

Azithromycin is the generic name of the brand name drug – Zithromax. It is an Antibiotic. It belong to class of drug known macrolide antibiotic.  It is used in treating numeral bacterial origin disease e.g. strep throat, intestinal infection, including pneumonia and traveler’s diarrhea. It is helpful in number of sexually transmitted infection named chlamydia and gonorrhea. It also cures bacterial infection like respiratory infection, skin and ear infections. It is also used with other medicines in some other disease which are not included in medication guide.It fights against the bacteria in the body.

Zithromax is available in capsule, tablet, suspension and Injections. It contain the active ingredient azithromycin a macrolide antibiotic. Azithromycin is a generic medicine available in many brand names like Zithromax, Zithromax-TRI PAK, zithromax  , Z max , Zithromax IV etc.

Mechanism of Zithromax (Azithromycin) in Action

Protein is an important component for many metabolic activities. It is essential for m-RNA translation. It combines with 50s ribosomes and effect m-RNA translation process .This stops the protein synthesis in bacteria .thus bacteria is unable to grow or is completely paralyzed. This stops it’s multiplication. Then our body auto immune system kills the remaining bacteria. In this way, Azithromycin helps to overcome a bacterial infection. It is not useful in treating viral infection.

Azithromycin-500

Disease where above drug is used, are as follows:

  1. Bacterial Infection of the lung and airways e.g. pneumonia, bronchitis.
  2. Disease like uncomplicated gonorrhea, mild or moderate typhoid.
  3. Bacterial infection of skin and soft tissue.
  4. Lyme disease [starts with a tick bite].
  5. Chlamydia [sexually –transmitted infection due to tiny bacterium chlamydia  trachomatis ].
  6. Otitis media [bacterial infection in middle ear].
  7. Pharyngitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis [bacterial infection of nasal passage,sinuses  or throat].

Advantages of Zithromax

  1. It appears to be more active against gram-negative bacteria.
  2. Reports shows confirmed efficiency against all the disease mentioned in the above para.

Dosage of Zithromax

It is available in capsule, suspension and injection.

  1. Zithromax tablet [250mg, 500mg] – Tablet is consumed at least one hours before or two hours after the food is consumed. It is mostly taken only once in day and at the same time every day till it is prescribed by the doctor.
  2. Zithromax dry powder [100mg] suspension- amount is prescribed by the doctor.  Suspension can be taken either with or without food. Bottle should be used within 5 days once it is open.
  3. Azithromycin [ lyophilised injection – 500mg]

Limitation with the use of Zithromax

It cannot be given to ,

  1. Young children under six month of age and infant.
  2. Those who show allergy to other antibiotic belonging to macrolide or ketolide type.
  3. For children weighing under 45 kg, suspension is given instead of capsules.
  4. In people with liver disease, very slow heart beats, heart problem.
  5. In people having abnormal muscles weakness, diabetes, this drug should be used with caution.

There may be some side effects or type of allergy in some patients. They may face difficulty in breathing  .Some may experience swelling of face ,lips, tongue or throat. It may sometimes include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, or head ache. Side effects can be reported to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

It is included in the list of essential medicines of world health organization.  It was first made in 1980 and is generic drug also available by many brand names as mentioned before. In 2010 in U.S  it was the most prescribed antibiotic. It is a part of the United States Centre’s for diseases control. It is also a recommended regimen for the treatment of gonorrhea. Overall, above drug is effective with a minimal adverse effects. It gave fast results.